However, the right of British citizens to move freely within the bloc after Brexit – as they currently can – remains in the air and is the subject of a possible future agreement. This applies to those who wish to retain as many of the UK`s EU benefits as possible. On 15 November 2018, the day after the agreement and the support of the British government were presented, several members of the government resigned, including Dominic Raab, Secretary of State for leaving the European Union. [28] Now that Parliament has again rejected it and Britain has not taken any further action, it will withdraw on 12 April without a deal, an option that neither the European Union nor most British legislators want. On 6 September 2020, the Financial Times reported that the UK government was considering drafting new laws to circumvent the protocol of the Northern Ireland Withdrawal Agreement. [45] The new law would give ministers the power to determine which state aid should be notified to the EU and to define which products at risk of being transferred from Northern Ireland to Ireland (the withdrawal agreement stipulates that in the absence of a reciprocal agreement, all products are considered vulnerable). [47] The government defended this approach and stated that the legislation was in accordance with protocol and that it had only “clarified” the volumity in the protocol. [48] Ursula von der Leyen warned Johnson not to violate international law and said that the implementation of the withdrawal agreement by Britain was a “precondition for any future partnership”. [49] On 8 September, the Minister of Foreign Affairs for Northern Ireland, Brandon Lewis, told the British Parliament that the government`s internal market bill would “violate international law”.” [50] The controversial Irish backstop – the mechanism to ensure the opening of borders on the island of Ireland – was one of the main reasons why MEPs rejected the agreement. Many “outgoings” also claim that the deal entangles the UK too closely with the EU, and some say they would prefer no deal at all. That`s the name the opposition Labour Party gave Mrs May to split her deal into two parts: a withdrawal deal that takes Britain out of the door of the European Union and a political statement that says where it should go.

Immediately after the announcement of a revised withdrawal agreement on October 17, 2019, Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the DUP said they could not support the new agreement. [30] Mrs May informed Parliament that if lawmakers accepted the withdrawal agreement, they would still have the opportunity to vote in favour of a broader bill that would include the agreement, an assessment that some Labour had challenged. The withdrawal agreement sets out the terms of a transition period after the UK`s withdrawal from the bloc, while long-term agreements are negotiated. It would last until the end of 2020, but could be extended by two years.

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