Now that the Schengen Agreement is part of the Community acquis, it has lost to the EU Member States the status of a treaty which could only be amended in accordance with its terms. Instead, changes are made in accordance with the EU`s legislative procedure under the EU treaties. [12] Ratification by the former signatory states is not necessary to amend or repeal all or part of the previous Schengen acquis. [13] Acts setting out the conditions for accession to the Schengen area are now adopted by a majority of the EU`s legislative bodies. The new EU Member States do not sign the Schengen Agreement as such, but are required to implement the Schengen rules within the framework of existing EU legislation, which any new entrant must accept. [Citation required] Differences of opinion between Member States led to a deadlock in the abolition of border controls within the Community, but in 1985 five of the ten Member States at the time – Belgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and West Germany – signed an agreement on the phasing out of border controls. The agreement was signed on the princess Marie-Astrid boat in Moselle, near the city of Schengen,[5] where the territories of France, Germany and Luxembourg meet. Three of the signatories, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands, had already abolished common border controls under the Benelux Economic Union. [Citation required] On 19 June 1990, in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, representatives of the governments of the Kingdom of Belgium, the Federal Republic of Germany, the French Republic, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg and the Kingdom of the Netherlands signed the Schengen Agreement on 14 June 1985 between the governments of the Benelux Economic Union, the Federal Republic of Germany and the French Republic on the phasing out of controls at their common borders. – with regard to the Kingdom of Belgium, the members of the “polizeijudiciary pre-prosecutors” (criminal police of the public prosecutor`s office), the “gendarmerie” and the “police community” (municipal police), as well as customs officers, under the conditions set out in the corresponding bilateral agreements covered in paragraph 6, with regard to the illicit trafficking of narcotics and psychotropic substances , trafficking in arms and explosives and the illicit transport of toxic and dangerous waste, Since 1985, several other States have joined the Schengen area: 2. Paragraph 1 does not affect the application of the broader provisions of the bilateral agreements in force between the contracting parties. On 14 June 1985, the Federal Republic of Germany, France, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands signed the Schengen Agreement on the phasing out of controls at their common borders.

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